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Links to Previous Attacks in UAParserJS Compromise

A very popular npm library called UAParser was compromised this week. The author of the library, Faisal Salman, said:

“I believe someone was hijacking my npm account and published some compromised packages (0.7.29, 0.8.0, 1.0.0) which will probably install malware.”

The compromised package installs a monero miner on Linux and Windows systems. Advisories are available from the package author, GitHub and CISA.

When we analysed the malware – we found that clear links to earlier stages of the attack from an attacker named “wozheqirsplu”, described below.

Malware Analysis

The attacker compromised Faisal’s npm access and updated the npm package.json file to run a file called preinstall.js:

Preinstall.js then determines the operating system:

If it is running on Linux – it then runs preinstall.sh:

This determines the location of the system, and if it is not in one of the following countries continues to execute:

  • Russia, Ukraine, Belarus or and Kazakhstan

It then downloads the file http://159.148.186[.]228/download/jsextension and executes it. The file jsextension the crypto-currency miner xmrig – set to use the minexmr mining pool with the monero wallet:

  • 49ay9Aq2r3diJtEk3eeKKm7pc5R39AKnbYJZVqAd1UUmew6ZPX1ndfXQCT16v4trWp4erPyXtUQZTHGjbLXWQdBqLMxxYKH

If it is running Windows – it then runs preinstall.bat:

Similarly to the Linux installation – this downloads a copy of xmrig (via curl or certutil) and runs it with the same parameters. The file sdd.dll is detected as a credential theft tool.

Setting up the Attack

The malicious file deployed on Windows machine is served from:

  •  http://159.148.186[.]228/download/jsextension.exe

And has the SHA256 7f986cd3c946f274cdec73f80b84855a77bc2a3c765d68897fbc42835629a5d5.

This file has been seen before.

Back on Wednesday October 20th, Sonatype wrote a blog titled “Newly Found npm Malware Mines Cryptocurrency on Windows, Linux, macOS Devices”. They saw the same file – but back then it was being served from a different server:

  • http://185.173.36[.]219/download/jsextension.exe

Sonatype spotted a malicious user named wozheqirsplu had first created a npm package called okhsa that started calc.exe (Opening the Windows Calculator is a typical first step in testing malicious execution):

They then created a package named klown that impersonated the (later compromised) ua-parser-js library:

The malicious code in this package is an earlier version of the code actually deployed live – it has a couple of small changes such as a different Monero wallet ID:

(Earlier prototype of the code on the left. The right hand side shows the code deployed in the attack)

When Sonatype published their blog on October 20th (two days before the real attack) they noted that – at that point – it wasn’t clear how the attackers intended on deploying their malicious package:

In hindsight – it’s now clear that this was the user wozheqirsplu preparing for their attack.

Recommendations

Assume that any machine that has run compromised versions is compromised, and rotate and credentials or keys on the machine from a separate machine.

When deploying software, check for compromised dependencies as part of any build process.

Indicators of Compromise

185.173.36[.]219
159.148.186[.]228
citationsherbe[.]at – Note this is also referenced in https://unit42.paloaltonetworks.com/matanbuchus-malware-as-a-service/ – we haven’t confirmed the nature of the link yet.

http://185.173.36[.]219/download/
http://185.173.36[.]219/download/jsextension.exe
http://185.173.36[.]219/download/xmrig.exe
http://185.173.36[.]219/download/jsextention.exe
http://185.173.36[.]219/
http://185.173.36[.]219/download/jsextension
http://185.173.36[.]219:81/download/lin64
http://159.148.186[.]228/download/jsextension
http://159.148.186[.]228/download/jsextension.exe
https://159.148.186[.]228/sdd.dlll
https://159.148.186[.]228/jsextension.exe
https://159.148.186[.]228/download/jsextension.exe
http://159.148.186[.]228/download/jsextension.exe
http://159.148.186[.]228/jsextension.exe
http://159.148.186[.]228/download/jsextention.exe
http://159.148.186[.]228/download/

https://citationsherbe[.]at/sdd.dll
https://citationsherbe[.]at/create.dll
http://citationsherbe[.]at:8080/sdd.dll
https://citationsherbe[.]at/dog.dll
https://citationsherbe[.]at/sdd.dl
http://citationsherbe[.]at/sdd.dll

About Cado Security

Cado Security provides the first and only cloud-native digital forensics platform for enterprises. By automating data capture and processing across cloud and container environments, Cado Response enables security teams to efficiently investigate and respond to cyber incidents at cloud speed. Backed by Blossom Capital and Ten Eleven Ventures, Cado Security has offices in the United States and United Kingdom. For more information, please visit https://www.cadosecurity.com/ or follow us on Twitter @cadosecurity.

[1]According to the Australia Cyber Security Centre (ACSC), between 1 July 2019 and 30 June 2020, the ACSC responded to 2,266 cybersecurity incidents and received 59,806 cybercrime reports.