A TeamTNT script has been employed to target a Confluence vulnerability that grabs AWS credentials including those from ECS.
We’ve been tracking TeamTNT since the adversary group was tied back to a crypto-mining worm that specifically targeted Kubernetes clusters — the first known worm that contained AWS-specific credential theft functionality.
What We Found
The IP address 3.10.224[.]87 is serving a clever script built by the TeamTNT crew to steal credentials. It steals AWS EC2 and AWS ECS credentials via their meta-data urls (169.254.169.254 for EC2 and 169.254.170.2 for ECS), as well as environment variables from Docker systems:
The contents of malicious scripts at https://3.10.224[.]87/.a
This IP address is also being used to attack vulnerable Confluence servers with the recent CVE-2021-26084 exploit:
CVE-2021-26084 Exploit code
The backdoor being distributed by the server, however, is well attributed to the Mushtik botnet.
Have two different crews hacked the same server and are using it for hosting? Or has Mushtik borrowed some code from TeamTNT?
Indicators of Compromise
Given these findings, we recommend blocking IP address 3.10.224[.]87 to not fall victim.
In addition, in our previous post detailing TeamTNTs techniques from August 2020, we’ve provided general recommendations on how to protect against these threats:
- Identify which systems are storing AWS credential files and delete them if they aren’t needed. It’s common to find development credentials have accidentally been left on production systems.
- Use firewall rules to limit any access to Docker APIs. We strongly recommend using a allowlisted approach for your firewall ruleset.
- Review network traffic for any connections to mining pools, or using the Stratum mining protocol.
- Review any connections sending the AWS Credentials file over HTTP.
About Cado Security
Cado Security is the provider of the first cloud forensics and incident response platform. By leveraging the scale and speed of the cloud, the Cado platform automates forensic-level data capture and processing across cloud, container, and serverless environments. Only Cado empowers security teams to respond at cloud speed.