1. Cloud Incident Response Wiki
  2. Cloud Forensics and Cloud Security

What is a Reverse Shell?


A reverse shell is a type of cyberattack that allows an attacker to remotely control a victim's computer. In a traditional shell attack, the attacker connects to the victim's computer. In a reverse shell attack, the victim's computer connects to the attacker's computer. This gives the attacker control over the victim's computer as if they were sitting at the keyboard.


Reverse shells are often used as part of a larger attack, such as a phishing attack. The attacker might send a phishing email to the victim that contains a malicious attachment. When the victim opens the attachment, it creates a reverse shell connection to the attacker's computer. The attacker can then use the reverse shell to steal data, install malware, or disrupt system availability.


There are many different types of reverse shells. Some common types include:


Bash shells: These are the most common type of reverse shell. They use the Bash command-line shell to give the attacker access to the victim's computer.


PowerShell shells: These shells use the PowerShell scripting language to give the attacker access to the victim's computer.


Python shells: These shells use the Python programming language to give the attacker access to the victim's computer.


How to prevent reverse shell attacks?


There are a number of things you can do to prevent reverse shell attacks:


Keep your software up to date. This includes your operating system, applications, and firmware.


Avoid phishing emails. Don't open attachments or click on links in emails from unknown senders.


Use a firewall. A firewall can help to block unauthorized connections to your computer.


Monitor your network activity. Look for unusual activity, such as connections to unknown IP addresses.


Be careful what you download and run. Only download files from trusted sources.